Flower World - Mundo Florido, vol. 1

Music Archaeology of the Americas - Arqueomusicología de las Américas

Sonidos en piedra: El canto, la música y el baile en el Monumento 21 de Bilbao, Cotzumalguapa, Guatemala

Oswaldo Chinchilla Mazariegos

El Monumento 21 de Bilbao, Cotzumalguapa, presenta uno de los relieves más grandes y complejos en el arte mesoamericano. De acuerdo con la interpretación que se ofrece en este trabajo, la escena representa un baile sacrificial, por medio del cual se evoca el Mundo Florido, un lugar de abundancia y belleza, documentado reiteradamente en los mitos mesoamericanos. Esta interpretación se basa en la identificación iconográfica de los instrumentos sonoros y las representaciones del baile y el canto en esta y otras esculturas de Cotzumalguapa.

Monument 21 at Bilbao, Cotzumalguapa, shows one of the biggest and most complex reliefs in Mesoamerican art. In accordance with the interpretation put forward in this article the scene represents a sacrificial dance which evokes the Flower World, a place of abundance and beauty, well documented in Mesoamerican myths. This interpretation is based on the iconographic identification of the sound instruments and the depiction of dance and song in this and other sculptures at Cotzumalguapa.

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