Flower World - Mundo Florido, vol. 2

Music Archaeology of the Americas - Arqueomusicología de las Américas

Winds of Change: Ceramic Musical Instruments from Greater
Nicoya

Carrie L. Dennett and Katrina C. Kosyk

In this paper we illustrate, describe, and examine the chronological development of ceramic musical instruments – especially aerophones of the ocarina family – from pre-Columbian Greater Nicoya, an archaeological region located in modern day northwest Costa Rica and Pacific Nicaragua. These instruments are subsequently compared to contemporaneous styles from surrounding archaeological regions, and followed by a brief discussion of potential functions and meanings. The overarching purpose of the present research, however, is to investigate aspects of change and continuity in the musical past of the region in order to evaluate traditional claims that periodic change in the material culture of the region was the result of sporadic “waves” of foreign migrants from central Mexico.

En el presente artículo describimos y examinamos el desarrollo cronológico de una colección de instrumentos musicales hechos de barro – especialmente de aerófonos de la familia de las ocarinas – provenientes de la Gran Nicoya precolombina, región arqueológica ubicada al noroeste de Costa Rica y la costa del Océano pacífico de Nicaragua. Luego hacemos una comparación de dichos instrumentos con estilos contemporáneos de regiones arqueológicas colindantes, seguida por una breve discusión acerca de sus posibles funciones y significados. No obstante, el objetivo principal del estudio es investigar los aspectos de cambio y continuidad en el pasado musical de la región, a fin de evaluar las afirmaciones tradicionales de que los cambios periódicos occurridos en la cultura material de la región fueron el resultado de “olas” esporádicas de migrantes extranjeros provenientes del centro de México.

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