Flower World - Mundo Florido, vol. 2

Music Archaeology of the Americas - Arqueomusicología de las Américas

Las flautas poli-globulares de Mesoamérica

Vanessa Rodens, Arnd Adje Both y Gonzalo Sánchez Santiago

Las flautas poli-globulares son instrumentos originarios de Mesoamérica que presentan una morfología no observada en otros instrumentos del mundo. Las flautas se integran por dos o más cámaras globulares que se conectan de manera directa o a través de tubos. Dependiendo de la configuración, estos aerófonos exhiben una gran diversidad de timbres y texturas sonoras que no se encuentran en otros instrumentos de viento mesoamericanos. El presente estudio constituye una propuesta para la sistematización organológica de las flautas poli-globulares conocidas hasta la fecha. Con base en estudios previos sobre estos instrumentos y la información compilada en una base de datos que incluye especímenes publicados e inéditos, hemos logrado reunir una muestra representativa la cual nos ha permitido establecer una clasificación global de estos aerófonos. En total, definimos cuatro tipos organológicos principales que incluyen 11 variantes.

The poly-globular flutes are instruments originating from Mesoamerica, which present a morphology not observed in other instruments of the world. The flutes are composed of two or more globular chambers, which are connected directly to each other or by way of a tube. According to their configuration, these instruments present a great diversity of timbres and sonorous textures which are not found in other wind instruments from Mesoamerica. This study represents a proposal for the organological systematization of the poly-globular flutes known so far. Based on previous studies on these instruments and the information compiled in a data base including published and unpublished specimens, we achieved to assemble a representative sample, which allows establishing a global classification of these aerophones. In total, four principal organological types with 11 variants were defined.

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